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ISO55001:2014标准的理论基础

发?#38469;?#38388;2017-11-8 浏览?#38382;?27
价值
资产存在是为了给组织和其相关方提供价值资产管理并不关注资产本身而关注于资产能给组织提供的价值价值可以是有形的或无形的财务的或非财务的是由组织和其相关方根据组织目标确定的
Value: Assets exist to provide value to the organization and its stakeholders. Asset management does not focus on the asset itself, but on the value that the asset can provide to the organization. The value (which can be tangible or intangible, financial or non-financial) will be determined by the organization and its stakeholders, in accordance with the organizational objectives.
资产管理需要对资产成本机会和风险与期望的绩效的平衡平衡可能需要在不同的时间阶段进行考量
Asset management involves the balancing of costs, opportunities and risks against the desired performance of assets, to achieve the organizational objectives. The balancing might need to be considered over different timeframes.
一致性
资产管理将组织目标转换为?#38469;?#21644;财务决策计划和行动
Alignment: Asset management translates the organizational objectives into technical and financial decisions, plans and activities.
领导作用
领导作用和工作场所的文化是价值实现的决定因素
Leadership: Leadership and workplace culture are determinants of realization of value.
提供保证
资产管理为资产实现其要求的目的提供保证
Assurance: Asset management gives assurance that assets will fulfil their required purpose.
ISO55001:2014标准的结构和一类条款与ISO9001:2015和ISO14001:2015相同
主要条款如下
4. Context of the organization组织环境
4.1 Understanding of the organization and its context理解组织及其环境
4.2 Understanding the needs and expectations of stakeholders理解相关方的需求和期望
4.3 Determining the scope of the AMS确定资产管理体系的?#27573;?BR>4.4 Asset Management System资产管理体系
5. Leadership领导作用
5.1 Leadership and commitment领导作用和?#20449;?BR>5.2 Policy方针
5.3 Organization Roles, responsibilities, and authorities组织角色职责和权限
6. Planning策划
6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities for the AMS应对资产管理体系风险和机会的措施
6.2 Asset Management Objectives and Planning to achieve them资产管理目标和实现目标的策划
6.2.1 AM Objectives资产管理目标
6.2.2 Planning to achieve AM objectives实现资产管理目标的策划
7. Support支持
7.1 Resources资源
7.2 Competence能力
7.3 Awareness意识
7.4 Communication沟通
7.5 Information requirements信息要求
7.6 Documented information文件化信息
8. Operations运行
8.1 Operational planning and control运行策划和控制
8.2 Management of Change变更管理
8.3 Outsourcing外包
9. Performance evaluation绩效评价
9.1 Monitoring, measurement, analysis, evaluation监视测量分析和评价
9.2 Internal audit内部审核
9.3 Management review管理评审
10. Improvement改进
10.1 Nonconformity and corrective action?#29615;?#21512;和纠正措施
10.2 Preventive action预防措施
10.3 Continual improvement?#20013;?#25913;进
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